GENERAL DENTISTRY at state street dental

GENERAL DENTISTRY

State Street Smiles has provided personalized dental care for thousands of families. We pride ourselves on the warm, individualized care we provide, as well as, the variety of services, cutting-edge equipment and techniques we offer.

We use state-of-the-art technologies in all of our procedures in order to provide our patients the best care possible. These new technologies allow us to detect dental concerns at early stages, treat your oral health needs with precision, and provide stunning and customized restorations.

Our premium dental software system maximizes your time and our office efficiency. When you visit our office, you can be confident you are receiving the finest and most advanced dental care available.

Did you know that digitally scanned impressions are 11% more accurate than traditional impressions? At State Street Smiles, we use digital scans to create the most accurate picture of your teeth.

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State Street Smiles is trained to help repair any slightly-chipped, discolored or crooked teeth you may have. During dental bonding, we place a white filling on your tooth to improve its appearance. The filling "bonds" with your teeth, and because it comes in a variety of tooth-colored shades, it closely matches the appearance of your natural teeth.

Bonding can also be used in place of regular amalgam (silver) fillings. Many patients prefer bonded fillings, because the white color is much less noticeable than the silver of the amalgam fillings. Bonded fillings can be used on front and back teeth, depending on the location and extent of tooth decay.

Bonding is less expensive than other cosmetic treatments and can usually be completed in one visit to our office. However, bonding can stain and breaks more easily than other cosmetic treatments like porcelain veneers.

If your bonding does break or chip, please let us know. We can generally patch or repair bonding in one visit.

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AFTER

Crowns and Onlays are used to restore and enhance teeth that are damaged, or to replace missing teeth. An onlay or crown is used to cover and protect some or all of a damaged tooth. An onlay or crown not only strengthens a tooth, but it can also dramatically improve a tooth's appearance, shape and alignment.

Crowns or onlays may be used to:
> Replace a large filling when there is little tooth structure remaining
> Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
> Restore a fractured tooth
> Attach a bridge
> Cover an implant
> Cover a discolored or poorly-shaped tooth

Bridges

A bridge is one method to fill the space created by a missing tooth. A bridge is one or more artificial teeth that are cemented into place using the real teeth on either side for support. A bridge replaces the missing tooth, both functionally and cosmetically. Bridge work is as much an art as it is an exact science. Bridge materials include gold alloys, porcelain bonded to metal alloy, or all-ceramic material made to match your natural tooth color. The choice of material depends on requirements for strength, wear, and/or esthetics.

Crowns and Onlays

At State Street Smiles we take pride in our high-quality professional cleanings that leave your mouth feeling refreshed. Dental cleanings should be performed at least every six months to prevent excessive plaque and tartar buildup. Plaque and tartar left untreated can lead to unhealthy gums, boneloss and tooth decay. Your cleaning appointment will also include preventive services such as an exam, any necessary x-rays, a gum evaluation, any oral cancer screening, and a flouride treatment.

During your cleaning, we will remove plaque and tartar from all tooth surfaces with using a variety of methods. Dental hygienists traditionally perform scaling by hand. However, new and advanced technology has led to more modern methods such as electric scalers. This sophisticated tool allows dental cleanings to be performed more efficiently and in less time. Both electric and manual scaling methods can be combined to achieve the best results. Polishing completes the cleaning, making the surface of the teeth smooth and minimizing future plaque build-up.

Cleanings

Missing or damaged teeth can leave you feeling uncomfortable when talking, eating or participating in various activities. At our office, we provide high-quality partial or full dentures that replace missing teeth to correct this problem. We want your smile to be one that makes you happy and proud.

A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. There are two types of dentures available: partial dentures and complete dentures. Partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain and complete dentures are used to replace all teeth. Dentures are made to resemble your natural teeth so there should be no noticeable change to appearance. Dentures can improve your smile!

Complete Dentures

– This restoration method is used to restore smile and mouth function if all teeth have been lost. The dentures are custom-created to resemble natural teeth and are positioned into a patient's mouth to take the place of where the natural teeth used to be. Complete dentures are removable and may require adjustments in order to create a proper fit with the gums and mouth

Partial Dentures

– A removable partial denture is used when one or more natural teeth still remain in the upper or lower jaw. They usually consist of replacement teeth attached to a gum-colored plastic base that is held in place in the mouth. A fixed partial denture (or bridge, or implant), is an alternative to a removable denture. These options are cemented into place and do not need to be removed at night. All of these options fill the space created by missing teeth and create support for the remaining teeth in order to prevent shifting.

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Good oral hygiene is a must, because the loss of a single tooth can have major impact on overall oral health and appearance. Although we will use every measure to prevent tooth loss, there are still some occasions when a tooth needs to be extracted. A tooth may need to be extracted if the following occurs:

> Severe decay
> Infection or abscess
> Orthodontic correction
> Malpositioned teeth
> Fractured teeth or roots
> Impacted teeth

We will conduct a careful examination of your teeth in order to determine if extraction is necessary. Our high-quality x-rays will help us better understand the shape and position of the tooth and surrounding bone before extracting the tooth in question. Based on the degree of difficulty, you may be referred to a specialist called an oral surgeon for your extraction.

A filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape. If you have a tooth that requires a filling, we will first remove the decayed tooth material, clean the affected area, and fill the cleaned-out cavity with a filling material. This filling will help prevent further decay by closing off any cracks or spaces where bacteria might enter.

There are a variety of filling materials available including amalgam (silver), composite (white), and porcelain (white). We will work with you to determine which material is best for you, depending on the extent of repair, where in your mouth the filling is needed, and the cost. Each of the filling materials is briefly explained below:

Amalgam (silver) fillings

are a more inexpensive choice and are also well-tolerated. However, due to their dark color, they are more noticeable than porcelain or composite restorations and are not recommended for fillings in very visible areas such as front teeth.

Composite (white) resins

are custom-made to the exact color of the patient's teeth, creating a more natural appearance. Many people prefer this natural looking option especially in visible areas of the mouth. They may not be ideal for large fillings as they may chip or wear over time. Over time however, they can also become stained from coffee, tea or tobacco.

Porcelain fillings

are created in a lab and then bonded to the tooth. They can be matched to the color of the tooth, can protect the remainder of the tooth, and resist staining. A porcelain restoration is so customizable that the filling is nearly undetectable.

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The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for one's teeth. All those structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium include: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these may be a sign of a problem. With proper gum treatments, however, it may be possible to return gum tissue to a healthy state. If you're having a problem, come in and see us so we may treat it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction. This is why it is important to have it treated at the first sign of a problem.

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Halitosis is the sophisticated word for "bad breath". Depending on the cause, bad breath may happen only occasionally or may be a more persistent condition. The most common cause of bad breath is bacteria. Because the mouth is moist and warm, it creates perfect conditions for millions of bacteria. In fact, approximately 80% of bad breath is caused by something in the mouth.

Bad breath caused by bacteria in the mouth can be easily treated. Brushing your teeth, tongue and gums after meals as well as flossing and rinsing with mouthwash will usually take care of the problem. Regular visits to our office for a deeper, professional cleaning and exam will also help you.

Most types of occasional bad breath, such as "morning mouth," are considered fairly normal and are not usually health concerns. However, persistent bad breath may be a sign of more serious problems with the gums and teeth.

Bad breath may be caused by the following:

> Poor oral hygiene, which can leave food particles to decay in the mouth
> Infections in the mouth such as periodontal (gum) disease
> Respiratory tract infections such as throat infections, sinus infections or lung infections
> External agents including foods such as garlic, onions, and coffee, as well as cigarettes and chewing tobacco
> Dry mouth caused by salivary gland problems, breathing through the mouth, or by certain medications
> Systemic illnesses such as diabetes, acid-reflux disease, liver disease, kidney disease, lung disease, sinus problems and others

In treating bad breath, the dentists will perform a physical examination of the patient's mouth to determine the cause. If they discover that systemic problems are the cause, they may refer the patient to their family physician. In severe cases of gum disease, it is recommended that a patient visit a periodontist, a doctor that specializes in treating gum disease.

Call our office promptly if you have bad breath with painful, swollen gums that bleed easily or loose teeth.

Custom-designed mouthguards and nightguards are made of flexible plastic and molded to fit the shape of your teeth. Mouthguards are recommended to protect the jaw, tongue, cheek lining and teeth during physical activity and sports such as boxing, football, basketball, or other activities where your mouth might get hit. Nightguards are recommended for patients who clench or grind their teeth at night to protect their teeth. Guards generally last 3-10 years.

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Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things a patient can do for their teeth and gums. It's ultimately up to the patient in between visits, but the dentist is here to help and offer tips. Healthy teeth enable patients to have a smile that is both attractive and functional, and good oral health is vitally important to overall well-being.

Daily preventive care in between regular dental visits can greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. Consider incorporating these habits:

> Brush thoroughly twice a day and clean between your teeth daily with floss or another method discussed with your dentist.
> Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals
> Use dental products that contain fluoride, including fluoride toothpaste
>Rinse with an appropriate mouth rinse. Discuss with your dentist which mouth rinse is right for you.
> Make sure that your children take a fluoride supplement at least until they're 12. Ask your dentist when they should stop taking their suppliment.

Feel free during your visit to our office to ask us any questions regarding your oral hygiene habits. We are here to help you.

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Screening for oral cancer may be done during a routine check-up The exam will include looking for lesions, including areas of leukoplakia (an abnormal white patch of cells) and erythroplakia (an abnormal red patch of cells). Leukoplakia and erythroplakia lesions on the mucous membranes may become cancerous. The screening will consist of a visual inspection of the mouth and palpation of the jaw and neck as well as use of the VELscope technology. Regular visits to your dentist can improve the chances that any suspicious changes in your oral health will be caught early, at a time when cancer can be treated more easily.

VELscope is a revolutionary device that provides the dentist and hygienist with an examination system for the early detection of abnormal tissue that might be cancerous. The VELscope emits a safe blue light into the mouth, which activates tissue layers within the mouth. Typically, healthy tissue appears as a bright green glow, whereas suspicious regions show dark.

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When it comes to root canals, you can trust State Street Smiles. Our team is dedicated to providing you with the most comfortable treatment experience possible. Root canal treatment, also referred to as root canal therapy or endodontic therapy, is used to save an infected or damaged tooth and avoid having to remove it. A root canal becomes necessary when a neglected cavity reaches all the way to the nerve at the center of the tooth and becomes infected. Regular cleanings and checkups detect and prevent problems early on. Trauma can also cause the nerve of a tooth to be deeply damaged. Once the nerve is infected, it must be treated, and cannot heal on its own. It can even weaken the entire immune system, making it very dangerous and painful. Symptoms of infected pulp may include sensitivity to hot/cold or sweets, pain, swelling, pain with biting or pressure, and a bad taste in the mouth. Sometimes, however, there are no symptoms, and you are unaware of any problem until a checkup.

A root canal is performed to clean out the infected tooth and disinfect the canals of the tooth. The only other treatment would be to extract the tooth. Once the infection is resolved, the canal(s) is filled to prevent any further infection. Crowns are usually recommended to cover and restore a tooth after root canal therapy so that we can prevent a fracture of the tooth.

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Sealants are a common preventive treatment in dentistry. Some teeth have fine grooves or pits that accumulate plaque, food particles, and bacteria, not because the person doesn't brush, but because the grooves are too narrow to allow even one bristle into them. When plaque accumulates, it can lead to cavities and other types of tooth decay. To apply sealants, a plastic material is brushed onto the tooth, filling these narrow grooves and preventing the cavity-causing buildup. Sealants make healthy teeth possible.

We use sealants are an effective measure to prevent cavities on your child’s molars as the teeth come in.

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TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint and is used to describe dysfunction or disorders related to the joint. "Temporo," refers to the temple area of the skull; "mandibular," refers to the lower jaw; and "joint" is essentially where the head and jaw meet. Problems in this joint may be caused by a trauma, misalignment of the teeth, or excess muscle tension. The two bones that meet at the jaw are buffered by cartilage and five different muscles, so TMJ can cause a variety of troubles.

Common TMJ symptoms:
Headaches
Earaches
Trouble/soreness in opening and closing the mouth
Clicking or popping of the jaw
Pain in the jaw muscles
Soreness in the area, sometimes extending to the face

Dental treatments for the condition can include replacing missing teeth, moving teeth, adjusting the bite, filling gaps between teeth, and more. There is no one solution that is right for all cases. Sometimes a plastic mouthpiece is used to prevent clenching or grinding that is contributing to the problem. If TMJ is left untreated and reaches extremes, surgery may be required to repair the badly damaged joint.

At State Street Smiles we provide veneers to improve your smile or help correct cracked or broken teeth. Veneers are a cosmetic dental procedure in which a thin layer of porcelain is placed over the outside of the tooth. Veneers are usually only done to the part of the teeth that are visible when talking or smiling.

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A wisdom tooth extraction is a relatively routine procedure. If you might need your wisdom teeth removed, give us a call!

Wisdom teeth are the last molars, or "third molars" that develop on each side of the jaw. They usually emerge in the back of the mouth between the ages of 16-20.

Wisdom teeth are a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. Often, however, they cause problems and require removal. When the jaw isn't large enough to accommodate wisdom teeth, they can become impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth may grow sideways, emerge only part way through the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. If your wisdom teeth are not coming in properly, they can even damage your other healthy teeth.

Check out technologies we use to perform our services.

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405 Main Street
Hackensack,NJ 07601
(parking located at 16 Ward St)

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